The Hindu opposition to Urdu and the partition of Bengal revealed to Muslims that Hindus would never allow Muslims a respectable place in Indian society. At that time, the political landscape of India was dominated by the full-fledged activities of the Congress, which had no rival in the political arena. Muslims believed that only a concerted effort would lead them to success.
The political awakening of the Muslims of the subcontinent gained its meaningful and effective expression on October 1, 1906, when a delegation of 35 Muslim leaders met Lord Manto to present the demands of the Muslim community. Indo-Pak Muslims were in the minority and were not satisfied with the system of the joint electoral system as they did not get adequate representation in the presence of the Hindu majority.
Demands Of The Muslims:
Main demands put forwarded by the delegation were as under:
i) The Muhammadans may be granted the right of a separate electorate to choose their representatives.
ii) Muslim judges may be appointed more frequently.
iii) The Muslims may be given due representation in the imperial legislative council.
iv) At least one Muslim may be appointed in Viceroy’s Executive council.
v) Muslims may be given due representation in Gazetted and Sub-ordinated Ministerial Services.
Lord Minto’s Response To The Muslim Leaders:
Lord Manto heard a patient’s demands presented by the Shimla Deputation. He expressed his full agreement with the principles of separate voters. He promised to consider the demands sympathetically and assured the representative that he would do his best to meet the demands.
Importance Of The Simla Deputation:
Samla Deputation is very important in the history of the Pakistan movement. It was through this notoriety that the Muslims of India for the first time highlighted their demands as a community at the national level. According to I.H
“Samla Deputation has achieved a very important place in the history of Muslim India. For the first time, the Hindu-Muslim conflict was raised on a constitutional plane. The conflict in society was now reflected in legal and political institutions. Muslims have made it clear that they do not trust the Hindu majority that they are not ready to put their future into the hands of assemblies elected on the basis of a harmonious Indian nation. As a result, Muslims rejected the idea of a single Indian nation that the Muslim majority exists and cannot be integrated into the Hindu majority.”.
After the Samala Deputation, the Muslims decided to continue the spirit of Muslim harmony and cooperation in the political arena. Nawab Mohsin al-Malik took a step forward in this regard and wrote to Aga Khan, “The perceived deputation must be kept alive, And I suggest that a committee of members of the delegation be formed to correspond with the government to get government representation. This is the work of the All India Conference and if you agree I should make detailed suggestions. Agha Khan agreed to the proposals in December 1906 and the leaders who attended the Muhammadan Education Conference in Daka in December 1906 founded the All India Muslim League.